By Edward G. Browne
Approximately 100 years when you consider that its e-book, E. G. Browne's A Literary background of Persia continues to be a vintage paintings in English at the topic. Spanning 4 volumes, it took Browne over 25 years to put in writing and while it concentrates on Persian literature, it surveys many facets of Persian tradition from pre-history to the 20th century. quantity one covers the interval from the earliest classes of Persian heritage until eventually Firdawsi (AD 935-1020) a hugely respected poet. quantity seems on the early medieval interval and particularly at the poet Saadi (1184-1283). quantity 3 makes a speciality of the Tartar Dominion (1265-1502) and quantity 4 'Modern instances' covers from 1500 to 1924. A amazing success upon first e-book, Cambridge college Press is happy so that it will carry its variation of this seminal paintings again into print.
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Additional resources for A Literary History of Persia, Vol. 2
Rrfcs, or half-verses, correspond, each to each, in measure and rhyme. An English example (but imperfect at two points) would be :" 0 love who liest on my breast so light, 0 dove who fliest to thy nest at night 1" A n excellent Latin example is given in Morgan's Macaronit Poetry (New York, 1872, P. " 2. " "The maid that soon married is, soon marred in" q. Sd'id-i-mulk, u Raklrsh-i-Dawlat-rd, Tu siwdri, wa himmaf-rtu sawdr. Here we have two figures, the tarsi' explained above, but combined with an elaborate series of " homonymies," or wordplays.
And the mathnawi) according to topic or subject. , night and day, summer and winter, lance and bow, heaven and earth, Persian and Arab, Muslim and Zoroastrian, heat and cold, or the like), when it is called a muna'&aru, "joust," or "strifepoem,''a or it may be in the form of a dialogue (su'dl u jawdb, " question and answer "), and so on. , Arabic and Persian, or both of these and one of the dialects of Persian ; or we may have poems entirely in dialect, the so-called Fuhlawiyydt, or " Pahlawi " ballads, which were common down to the thirteenth century of our era, and not rare in later times.
Here the king's liberality is ascribed to disgust a t the stinginess of the ocean, though this typifies liberality, so that daryddart ("ocean-handed ") is used as a synonym for bountiful. " Husn-Gmah-rd bd lu sarzjidam bi-ntizdn-i-qiyds: Pnlla-i-mah bar falak slzud, u tu mdrzdi bar zamin. " 95. Bcdra badra dihad bi-sd'il zar: Dijla Dijla kasliad bi-bazm 'uqdr. 96. Gashta z'an badra badra badra khajil: burda a'dn Dijla Dola Dijla yadr. " He gives gold to the beggar, purse-on-purse : he brings wine to the feast, Tigris-on-Tigris.