Download PDF by Mircea Eliade: A History of Religious Ideas: From the Stone Age to the

By Mircea Eliade

"No one has performed loads as Mr. Eliade to notify literature scholars within the West approximately 'primitive' and Oriental religions... every body who cares concerning the human experience will locate new info and new angles of vision."—Martin E. Marty, manhattan occasions e-book overview

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Alexander Marshak, The Roots of Civilization, pp. 81 ff. Equally significant is the ability of the Paleolithics accurately to observe and draw the phases of plant life (see Marshak, Roots, pp. , and his" Le baton de com man dement de Montgaudier (Charente)," pp. 329 ff. Rites, thought, and imagination 23 Whatever may be thought of Marshak's general theory concerning the development of civilization, the fact remains that the lunar cycle was analyzed, memorized, and used for practical purposes some 15,000 years before the discovery of agriculture.

1, pp. 41 ff. 11. All these dates have been obtained by radiocarbon analyses. On the domestication of animals, see Miiller-Karpe, Handbuch, vol. 2, pp. 250 ff. ; see Fred Wendorf, S. Rushdi, and R. Schild, "Egyptian Prehistory: Some New Concepts," Science 169 (1970): 1161-71. 12. See, for example, the figurine found at Ain Sakhri (Anati, Palestine, p. 160). Now see Jacques Cauvin, Religions neolithiques, pp. 21 ff. 13. One of these tombs can be regarded as the earliest megalithic monument in the world (Anati, Palestine, p.

In itself, the deposit is simply the expression of a magico-religious intentionality; the particular meanings of the act become accessible to us only through the information communicated by members of the respective societies. We then learn whether the skulls and long bones represent offerings to a Supreme Being or a Lord of Wild Beasts, or whether, on the contrary, they are preserved in the hope that they will be covered with flesh again. Even this last belief can be interpreted in various ways: the animal is reborn by virtue either of the Lord of Wild Beasts or of the soul that resides in its bones or, finally, by virtue of the fact that the hunter has provided it with a burial (to keep its bones from being devoured by dogs).

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